My 2009 Christian and Jewish Feasts and Holidays

Posted on April 4, 2009. Filed under: Spiritual |

(not intended to be an “it all”–do your own research!Thanks to interfaith calendar online resources and Simchat Torah Beit Midrash/Rabbi Messer)

Significant days (Jan-Feb-Mar-Apr)–Jewish celebrations start at sundown the previous day

Shabbat (Jewish)
Special ritual with meal on Friday evening sundown. No work, read certain scriptures etc. Time of rest. (Exodus 20:8-11, 31:12-17, Leviticus 23:3, Deutoronomy 5:12-15, Matthew 12:1-14
Every Friday evening sundown to Saturday evening sundown

Fast of Tevet (Jewish)
Laments the siege of King Nebuchadnezzer on Jerusalem that led to the destruction of Solomon’s Temple. (exodus 32:11-24; 34:1-10 and Isaiah 55:6-56:8)

Epiphany (Christian)
Celebrating the world wide (including space travel) nature of the Christian Way. Epiphany immediately follows Christmastide and its recollection of the birth of Jesus. It is the story of the visit of scholars from a distant land to honor a new born child who would be important to the whole human race. Epiphany is a time for expanding the vision of Christian people. The aim is to be open to people of all cultures, races, and religions. Epiphany is a welcome to every human being on the earth. The colors used are white, gold and green. (Matthew 2:1-11)
January 6 to February 24

Rosh Chodesh (Jewish)
New Moon—start of new Jewish Month (Num 28:1-15)

Tu B’ Shevat (Jewish)
Jewish celebration of the coming of spring by preparation of foods native to Israel. It is also known as “New Year for Trees” – a method for determining the age of trees for tithing purposes. Hebrew Arbor Day

St. Valentine’s Day
Christian celebration of the love of God presented in Jesus and in the lives of Christian believers. St Valentine was a 3rd century martyr. This day is widely observed in the USA as a secular celebration of love.

Rosh Chodesh (Jewish)
New Moon—start of new Jewish Month (Num 28:1-15)
24 and 25 Feb

Lent Season (Christian)
This 40 day event is a time of fasting in imitation of Jesus’ experience in the wilderness of temptation. Time of frequent worship and acts of charity. The season begins on Ash Wednesday. It is a time of preparation for Easter and of repentance by people. Rules for fasting in some bodies of the Faith are less strict than at one time. Self examination, control of appetites, and spiritual devotion are obligations for many Christians in all world cultures during Lent. Conscious attention to the tragic evils in the human family is encouraged. Colors frequently used are purple, ash gray, and red. The length of Lent varies among traditions. For Roman Catholics Lent end on Holy Thursday before Easter. For some other Christians Lent ends of Holy Saturday. And for others Lent concludes the Saturday before Palm Sunday.
25 Feb to 11 Apr

Fast of Esther (Jewish)
Day set aside to remember the Jews in Shushan when they fasted for three days before Queen Esther interceded on their behalf before the King (Esther 3:12, Esther 4, Exodus 32:11-14, 34:1-10, Isaiah 55:6-56:8, Matthew 6:16-18)

Purim/Lots (Jewish)
Israel’s most dramatic holiday marks the deliverance of the Jews through Queen Esther and her uncle Mordecai becoming Prime Minister. Children dress up in costumes during this time. Charity to the poor, sharing food with friends, and vigorous merrymaking mark the observance. Work should be avoided (Entire Book of Esther, Exodus 17:8-16)

St. Patrick’s Day
Christian celebration of Patrick who brought Christianity to Ireland in early days of the faith.

Rosh Chodesh (Jewish)
New Moon—start of new Jewish Month (Num 28:1-15)

Holy Week (Christian)
The days between Palm Sunday and Holy Saturday before Easter are known as Holy Week. These days observe the events in the life of Jesus from the entry into Jerusalem through the crucifixion and burial
April 5 to 11

Palm/Passion Sunday (Christian)
Christian celebration of the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem. The day begins Holy Week. It is observed by worship celebrations and parades using palm branches. Palm Sunday is sometimes called Passion Sunday because of the tragic events of the week to come

Fast of the First Born (Jewish)
Fast observed only by firstborn males commemorating being saved from the plague in Egypt (Exodus 32:11-34:10).

Maundy Thursday (Christian)
Christian observance of the first Lord’s Supper during Holy Week

Passover (Jewish)
Occurs the first month of the religious New Year….Commemorates the exodus of the children of Israel from Egypt. It is an 8 day holiday marked by the eating of unleavened bread (matzah) and the celebration of a Seder meal (Seder includes eating slavery symbols such as bitter herbs and recounting the ten plagues)….The name is derived when God passed over the homes which had the Blood of the Lamb on the door posts. No work permitted on April 20-21, 26-27 because these are holy convocation days. Work is permitted only on April 22-25 with certain restrictions.( Exodus, Leviticus 23:4-8, Numbers 28:16-25, Matthew 26:17-30, Luke 22:7-20)
April 9 to 16

Feast of Unleavened Bread (Jewish)
Matzot as this celebration is called refers to the Lord’s command to not eat leaven—-foods that contain yeast or any other rising products. Remove leaven from our diet and houses for 7 days. It represents how the Lord brought the Israelites out of Egypt in a hurry. Additionally, leaven represents sin, so this is why celebrations today involve eating no leaven and cleansing the house of all leaven and leaven products (Exodus, Leviticus 23:4-8, Numbers 28: 17-25, Deuteronomy 16:1-8, 1 Corinthians 5:6-8, 1 Corinthians 13
April 9 to 16

Good Friday (Christian)
Christian remembrance of the crucifixion of Jesus and related events. The passion and death of Jesus.

Holy Saturday (Christian)
Burial of Jesus

Yom Habikkurim (Jewish)
Festival of Early First Fruits offering is a day observed in acknowledgment of our risen Lord, our First Fruit, three days and three nights after his resurrection. It falls in the spring of the year on the first day after the first Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. On 1st day of Passover, the sheaf of grain was bundled in the field, on 1st day of unleavened bread, the sheaf was cut and prepared and the third day the priest waved the sheaf before the Lord. Jewish people rarely celebrate this holiday but has great significance as to the day of Jesus’ resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:20-23, Leviticus 23:9-14, Numbers 28:26-31, Romans 8:18-29

Easter Sunday (Christian)
The most holy of Christian sacred days. The day commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from his death by crucifixion. Observances include worship services beginning at sunrise, special music, feasting, and parades.

Counting of Omer–Feast of Weeks (Jewish)
50 days starting from the day of Yom Habikkurim culminating with Pentecost. Fifty days after Yom Habikkurim, the children of Israel arrived at Mount Sinai and received God’s Teaching and Instruction–the Torah…To commemorate, this time, we count up Seven Sabbaths, plus one day day by day starting with Yom Habikkurim. This period of 50 days is one of great reflection, anticipating the time of our great restoration. During this time read and meditate on Psalms 119 (Leviticus 23:15-22, Exodus 34:22, Numbers 28:26-31, Deuteronomy 16:9-12, Acts 2:1-4)
Apr 12 to May 30

Rosh Chodesh (Jewish)
New Moon—start of new Jewish Month (Num 28:1-15)
24 and 25 Apr

Additional Scripture Readings for Passover Week
4/8/2008 (Eve of Passover)
Exodus 32:11 – 34:10
Exodus 12:21-51, Numbers 28:16-25, Joshua 5:2-6:1, Luke 22:7-20
Leviticus 22:26-23:44, Numbers 28:16-25, 2Kings 23:1-9, 21-25, Corinthians 15:20-28
Exodus 13:1-16, Numbers 28:19-25, Ezekial 37:1-14
Exodus 13:1-16, Numbers 28:19-25, Leviticus 23:9-22, 1 Cor 15:12-58,
Exodus 22:24-23:19, Numbers 28:19-25
Exodus 33:12-34:26, Numbers 28:19-25
Exodus 13:17-15:26, Numbers 28:19-25, 2 Samuel 22:1-51
Deuteronomy 15:19-16:17, Numbers 28:19-25, Isaiah 10:32-12:6


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